Fourth, Latin America’s regional mechanisms, created in the 1980s and 1990s, are largely designed to prevent overt political ruptures rather than the kind of incremental steps away from democracy that Ortega is engineering. As this is set to be an increasingly common problem, Latin America’s democracy mechanisms must be updated to focus on backsliding and the erosion of democracy rather than high-profile ruptures. The last election was on November 6, 2011, and the next will be on November 2016. While the world closely watches the profound political crisis in Venezuela, more subtle threats to democracy in other parts of Latin America are going unchecked. A regime to protect democracy exists at the regional level, but implementation of its framework of rules and norms has done little to curb authoritarian tendencies in Nicaragua and other Latin American countries. Nicaragua is a Central American republic and a former Spanish colony. This is despite their purported vow to defend and promote regional democracy. But Ortega, a wily political operator who has dismantled Nicaragua’s democracy since returning to power in 2007, was determined to stay – whatever the cost. Kovak tweeted that the law was “a dangerous affront to democracy in Nicaragua.” A Nicaraguan political analyst, José Luis Rocha, said Ortega might have introduced the legislation at this moment to send a message to Washington, the Post adds . Democracy dies in the land of lakes and volcanoes and, with it, independent journalism is also in extinction. Second, Ortega’s shrewd, pragmatic approach has been instrumental in placating another important adversary: the Catholic Church, which has been historically highly critical of Sandinismo ideology. Executive power is exercised by the government. The President and Vice President are democratically elected on the same ballot to a five-year term. This publication is from Carnegie’s Rising Democracies Network. In November 2016, Ortega celebrated a historic triumph and was reelected for a third term, winning 72.1 percent of the votes. To raise awareness of citizen security in Nicaragua by encouraging debate and generating information on security and violence. As for the international community, the window of opportunity to play a constructive role in protecting democracy seems to have closed. If you enjoyed reading this, subscribe for more! Nicaragua is the second poorest country in Latin America and has had a difficult path to democracy characterized by the ongoing struggles between generations of family dictatorship and civil war. While most Latin American economies have been struggling, Nicaragua’s economy has been growing at nearly 5 percent per year since the mid-2000s, though from a very low base. The country has a presidential system of government. But the Ortega regime is loath to allow free and fair elections that would threaten their family and the ruling Sandinista party. Nicaragua is a prime example of this worrisome trend. Indeed, the existing gridlock in Washington makes passing of the NICA unlikely. Rather than opting for overt media censorship, companies are actively encouraged not to buy ads in critical news outlets. First, shortly after taking power, the Sandinista leaders began restricting certain freedoms and confiscating property. No links or markup permitted. To promote greater strategic thinking among pro-democracy players and the international community about the prospects for a democratic transition in Nicaragua. It is composed of the Supreme Court, Appeals court, criminal court, and military court. The Sandinista National Liberation Front’s (FSLN) strategy is thus proving to be more sophisticated and effective than that of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela first under Hugo Chávez and now Nicolás Maduro. Finally, the regime has contained opposition by using an astute combination of co-option and targeted repression, as well as the occasional concession. Latin American diplomats in Managua privately acknowledge the slow decline of Nicaragua’s democracy, yet for various reasons, their governments—with the exception of Costa Rica’s—have been disinclined to speak out. In May, following the death in state custody of a political prisoner, the opposition Civic Alliance for Justice and Democracy suspended its participation in a dialogue with the government aimed at negotiating a solution to the country’s political crisis. Nicaragua is a country in Central America with constitutional democracy with executive, legislative, judicial, and electoral branches of government. Consumed by an acute internal crisis, Brazil is too distracted and powerless to act and does not want to risk opening up another flank in its polarized domestic disputes. Ortega has distributed resources (especially Venezuelan aid) to divide and weaken the opposition, which has seemed unable to confront him and make a convincing case as to why he should be replaced. This electoral triumph, however, was not only the result of systematic, overt repression and persecution. What Type Of Government Does Switzerland Have? Members of the national assembly are elected from political parties by proportional representation. Thus, there is an urgent need to update this framework and galvanize more effective international support that will put the brakes on the country’s authoritarian turn. The United States, for its part, has taken a rather mild approach. Carnegie–Tsinghua Young Ambassadors Program, Liberal Constitutionalist Party’s candidate, flawed presidential and legislative electoral, https://www.efe.com/efe/america/politica/la-corte-suprema-de-nicaragua-quita-partido-a-principal-coalicion-opositora/20000035-2950307. The Mexican government has refused to take any diplomatic stance despite a major rift resulting from the unlawful detention, ill treatment, and expulsion from Nicaragua of the Mexican student Jobany Torres in June 2016. However, for the moment, Washington seems too distracted by multiple other crises to take a proactive position on the country’s drift back into authoritarianism. Nicaraguan is a multiparty state with many political parties. Hurricane Iota made landfall Monday afternoon on Nicaragua’s Caribbean Coast as an extremely dangerous Category 4 storm. It is easier to topple an autocracy than it is to build a democracy, of course. The New EU Global Human Rights Sanctions Regime: Breakthrough or Distraction? The regime has won over influential members of the Catholic Church by embracing family values and introducing conservative legislation, such as strict antiabortion laws. Understanding The Relationship Between Hong Kong And China, Presidents Who Did The Most To Improve Black Rights. At the same time, repressive tactics have been contrasted by seemingly conciliatory moves. They had coalesced in Central America and migrated also to present-day northern Colombia an… In a region plagued by astonishing levels of violence—among the highest in the world for countries at peace—Nicaragua has the best indices of public security. The President and Vice President are democratically elected on the same ballot to a five-year term. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. First and foremost, Latin American democracies are reluctant to spend political capital picking a fight with Nicaragua, a small country that has relatively little impact on their national interests. 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