Elaeagnaceae – Oleaster family Genus: Elaeagnus L. – oleaster Species: Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Flower: 2 to 10 short-stalked flowers in the leaf axils of the current year's new branches. Autumn olive is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the Oleaster family (Elaeagnaceae) that grows to approximately 20 feet in height. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Elaeagnus umbellata subsp. (2.5 cm) wide. Characteristics: There are around 45 species of shrubs and small trees in this genus. Elaeagnus umbellata, commonly called autumn olive or autumnberry, is a large deciduous shrub or small sprawling tree of the Oleaster family that typically matures to 10-16’ tall and to 20-30’ wide. 251(2): 219-225. Flowers are funnel-shaped, about ½ inch long and nearly as wide, with 4 spreading, triangular, petal-like sepals that are creamy white to pale yellow, fused at the base forming a slender, 4-sided tube that is a little longer than the sepal lobes. Elaeagnus umbellata is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate. It's a large, spreading, spiny branched shrub 12-18 feet tall and wide. Elaeagnus umbellata usually grows as a shrub with a widely spreading crown. It is common, especially on dry and exposed places on the hills. It can fix Nitrogen. H.Lév. Hybrid derived from Elaeagnus pungens. The central trunk on mature shrubs (if any) is short; it has gray bark that is split and furrowed. The underside of the dark green leaf is covered with silver-white scales. Elaeagnus umbellata is a deciduous shrub from 3-20 ft. (0.9-6.1 m) in height with thorny branches. The leaves are simple and alternate and the margins are entire (no teeth). Russian olive may also escape from cultivation, but so far is less common. Gilt Edge has striking yellow leaf margins. Background Autumn olive was introduced into the United States in 1830 and widely planted as an ornamental, for wildlife habitat, as windbreaks and to restore deforested and … Naturalization of Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) in Utah. Elaeagnus umbellata Foliage. Herb. Etymology: Elaeagnus: Greek elala for "the olive" and agnos Greek name for Chaste-tree Vitix agnus-castus Plants: erect, perennial, to 20' tall shrub; stems twigs have coppery-silver scales Leaves: oval, 1"-3" long; coppery-silver scales Flowers: cream Fruits: pink-red berry Habitat: sun - partial sun; disturbed, fields, woods, wood edges Invasiveness: Restricted Invasive - Eradicate! Europe and northern Asia. The foliage is thick and dense with scaly hairs on the surface. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Pronunciation: e-le-AG-nus um-bel-LA-ta. (5-8 cm) long and 1 in. Red fruit makes good jelly. It is a very attractive plant because of its silvery foliage and fragrant flowers. Common Name(s) Autumn Olive, Japanese Silverberry: Scientific Name: Elaeagnus umbellata: Family: Elaeagnaceae: Location/Vegetative Zone: Thicket: Flowering Period It's self-fertile, and berries ripen in September. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is easily recognized by the silvery, dotted underside of the leaves. This shrub’s silvery foliage, showy flowers, and colorful berries made it popular in landscaping, though it was also planted extensively for a period of time in natural areas to provide erosion control, wind breaks, and wildlife food. Clambey, Gary K. 1992. Facts about Goumi Berry Goumi or Gumi scientifically known as Elaeagnus multiflora are the fruit of the deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub of the Elaeagnaceae family. – autumn olive Variety: Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. parvifolia (Wall. Before it was labeled a noxious weed, autumn olive was often described as “fragrant” in flower, and as “stunning” … It can fix nitrogen in its roots. The Goumi plant is grown in some places for its edible fruit though predominantly it is grown as an ornamental shrub. (Elaeagnus umbellata) Other Names: Japanese Silverberry, Umbellata Oleaster, Autumn Elaeagnus, Spreading Oleaster Range: Family: Elaeagnaceae - The Oleaster Family Growth Type: Somewhere between a hefty shrub and a small, tough, sprawling tree. The wild olive is a tree mainly cultivated for its fruit, which, in general, is acid and eatable. (5-8 cm) long and 1 in. Look for several gnarled spreading trunks emanating from a single point. It can reach 12-15 feet in height. Leaves are alternate, 2-3 in. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Elaeagnus umbellata var. var. Elaeagnus Umbellata from Burncoose Nurseries available online to buy - Information: vigorous spreading shrub or small tree. From the East Coast as far west as Nebraska, autumn olive is an aggressive in… Type: Broadleaf. More upright (to 1012 feet high and wide) than its parent, with thornless branches. The species is indigenous to eastern Asia and ranges from the Himalayas eastwards to Japan. Elaeagnus umbellata is a deciduous shrub from 3-20 ft. (0.9-6.1 m) in height with thorny branches. Autumn-olive isn't a plant intended for the home landscape, but has several ornamental characteristics none the less. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is an ornamental shrub first introduced to North America in the mid-1800s. Family: Elaeagnaceae. Photographer: James H. Miller Source: USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org Description. [53193] 41. Infectivity and effectivity of Frankia strains from the Rhamnaceae family on different actinorhizal plants. Russian olive is a medium-sized deciduous tree that is drought-resistant. It is a coastal breed of E. umbellata and is found west of the Kanto region. – autumn olive Subordinate Taxa. Alternate, elliptic to ovate in outline, approximately 1 1/4 to 3 inches long, 1/2 to 1 1/4 inches wide. euumbellata : Elaeagnus umbellata Thunberg, subsp. Elaeagnus umbellata. Foliage Leaves are alternate, 2-3 in. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is a deciduous shrub native to Asia that has spread as an invasive species throughout the United States. Leaves are alternate, oval to lanceolate, and untoothed. It is a particular threat to open and semi-open areas. Elaeagnus umbellata is known as Japanese silverberry, umbellata oleaster, autumn olive, autumn elaeagnus, or spreading oleaster. Tiny, fragrant, silvery owers in fall. Elaeagnus rotundifolia (Scientific name: Elaeagnus umbellata var. Genus: Elaeagnus. Schneid. Genus Elaeagnus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, with simple, often silvery-scaled leaves, and small fragrant tubular flowers borne in clusters in the leaf axils, and followed by small juicy fruit Details E. umbellata is a deciduous bushy shrub to around 5m tall and wide. Leaves are 24 inches long; they are silvery on both sides when young, later dark green above and silvery beneath. Eleagnus umbellata is an invasive deciduous shrub or small tree that becomes quite competitive even in poor soils. in the genus Elaeagnus (family Elaeagnaceae). APG IV Classification: ... Elaeagnus Family Elaeagnaceae. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. It can reach 12-15 feet in height. rotundifolia) is a variant with rounded leaves of Elaeagnus umbellata which is a deciduous shrub in the family Elaeagnaceae. Description Autumn olive is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the Oleaster family. Facts: Elaeagnus. Elaeagnus umbellata was first planted as an ornamental tree and for wildlife cover and has now become an invasive species of disturbed sites, mostly in southern Wisconsin. * The Plant List does not attempt to include all … Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive is native to Europe and Asia and is a riparian tree in the Elaeagnaceae family. The twigs and undersides of leaves are covered with silvery scales (and a few brown scales) and the fruit is red and juicy. Elaeagnus umbellata Oleaster family (Elaeagnaceae) Description: This is a woody shrub about 10-20' tall that branches frequently; it is usually a little taller than wide. Boissier, ser. Introduced in 1830 as an ornamental plant that could provide habitat and food to wildlife, Autumn olive was widely planted by the Soil Conservation Service as erosion control near roads and on ridges. is found growing wild, commonly in the forests of Himachal Pradesh at altitudes ranging from 1,200 to 2,100 metres. Family: Eleagnaceae. This article focuses on shrubs. Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Plant and Soil. Leaves. Elaeagnus umbellata Autumn olive. Genus: Elaeagnus (e-lee-AG-nus) Common: Silverberry, Autumn Olive, Goumi Berry, Russian Olive. The nitrogen-fixing capabilities of these species can interfere with the nitrogen cycle of nativ… It has sharp thorns, pale white to yellow heavily fragrant flowers, and vibrant red berries. Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellataThunberg) Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifoliaL.) Christensen, Earl M. 1963. euumbellata Servettaz, Bull. (2.5 cm) wide. Elaeagnus umbellata, commonly called autumn olive or autumnberry, is a large deciduous shrub or small sprawling tree of the Oleaster family that typically matures to 10-16’ tall and to 20-30’ wide.It is native to China, Japan and Korea. Elaeagnus umbellata. Upper leaf surfaces are dark green while leaf undersides are covered with grayish or silver 'scales'. This plant has no children Legal Status. In New England, autumn olive has escaped from cultivation and is progressively invading natural areas. The American Midland Naturalist. Autumn Olive. It is easily recognized by the silvery, dotted underside of the leaves. Elaeagnus umbellata can grow well on a variety of soils, including sandy, loamy, and somewhat clayey textures with a pH range of 4.8-6.5 (Holtz 1981, in Eckardt and Sather, 1987). [6951] 42. The plant is native to China, Korea and Japan. It is a hardy, aggressive invasive species able to readily colonize barren land, becoming a troublesome plant in the central and northeastern United States and Europe. Family Elaegnaceae Scientific Name Elaeagnus umbellata ← → Other Common Names: oleaster. Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn-olive) Eupatorium album; Eupatorium hyssopifolium (hyssop-leaved thoroughwort) Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset) Eupatorium pilosum (ragged thoroughwort) ... Eupatorium torreyanum is a perennial herb in the aster family, 1.0 to 1.5 m tall. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. ex Royle) C.K. 2003. Common name: Autumn Elaeagnus . Oleaster Family (Elaeagnaceae) Origin: East Asia. 70(1): 133-137. coreana (H.Lév.) Both autumn olive and Russian olive tolerate poor soil conditions and may alter the processes of natural succession. Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive berry) and Elaeagnus multiflora (goumi berry) are also in this family. Origin: Native to Asia & Southern Europe. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … The abundance of fruit, which is readily dispersed by birds, is key to the success of this species. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from September to November. Seeds are dispersed by birds. 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