Undoubtedly the greatest Dutch artist ever, and one of most eminent in European art history, his portraits display a profound appreciation of character, and drawings a brilliant documentation of existing Amsterdam life. Self-Portrait, Aged 23 was painted by Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669) in 1629. Because there are so many that can be viewed together and compared with each other, viewers have a unique insight into the life, character, and psychological development of the man and the artist, a perspective of which the artist was profoundly aware and that he intentionally gave the viewer, as though a more thoughtful and studied precursor to the modern selfie. The self-portrait portrays Rembrandt in middle age enjoying a successful career, but also having endured life's hardships. The early paintings, those done in the 1620s, are done in a very lifelike manner. Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn. This self-portrait has recently become a very controversial self-portrait. The middle years of the 1630s and1640s show Rembrandt feeling confident and successful, dressed up in some portraits, and posed similarly to some of the classical painters, like Titian and Raphael, whom he greatly admired. He was born in the city of Leiden, but abandoned his university studies to devote himself to painting, … Rembrandt was a keen observer of human expression and activity, and focused that gaze on himself as intently as upon those around him, producing a unique and vast collection of self-portraits that not only display his artistic virtuosity, but also his profound understanding of and sympathy for the human condition. It is hard not to read into this painting what was Rembrandt's state of mind at the time. The self-portraits served various purposes. Rembrandt van Rijn produced the largest number of self-portraits of any major painter in history. Prints are shipped approximately 1 to 3 business days after order is placed. Rembrandt's paintings are remarkable for their accuracy and lifelike quality. Some viewers perceive a gold chain, usually a mark of high honor, tucked into the folds of his garments. His "self-assurance is reinforced by his steady gaze and comfortable pose," a pose that again asserts his "rightful place as one of the most sought-after artists" of the time. In fact, according to the National Gallery description. Last year in the latest volume published by the Rembrandt Research Project, they announced that they no longer believed it to be by Rembrandt and instead they suggested that it was by a studio assistant of Rembrandt's in the period of 1629-31, a chap called Isack Jouderville. The strange costume he wears is timeless. It is impossible to say how many self-portraits Rembrandt made, for any estimate depends on the definition of what does and what does not belong to his oeuvre. Find more prominent pieces of self-portrait at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. All in all, with the drawings and prints included, Rembrandt must have recorded his own likeness at least 85 times. His left hand holds his hastily painted palette, brushes and maulstick, while his right hand seems to disappear in an unresolved blur into his thigh or the folds of his coat. R embrandt's small 'Self Portrait' of 1629 is usually seen as the first in a series of self-portraits that chronicle his changing fortunes and illustrate his growth as an artist. In the art of the self-portrait Rembrandt exerted the greatest influence on those painters who rejected the solemn pomp of the Baroque and endeavoured to tell the truth simply and without external trappings. ‘Self-portrait’ was created in 1659 by Rembrandt in Baroque style. They are the inexhaustibly rich documents of a human and artistic self-examination lasting a lifetime. Ernst van de Weteringdivides the 31 etchings into categories; there "are perhaps only four that were considered by Rembrandt himself as 'official' self-portraits of himself intended for wider dissemination". Biography of George Stubbs, English Painter, Biography of Alice Neel, Painter of Expressionist Portraits, Women Artists of the Seventeenth Century: Renaissance and Baroque, Life and Work of Florine Stettheimer, Painter of the Jazz Age, 40 and 50 self-portraits, seven drawings, and 32 etchings, Self-Portrait With Gorget (copy), 1629, Mauritshius, Self-Portrait at the Age of 34, 1640, Oil on Canvas, 102 X 80 cm. From the Rembrandt’s Self-Portrait with a Dead Bittern, we can observe how Rembrandt reflected self-satisfaction and pride from the manner he held the dead bittern. Rembrandt continued to create art throughout his hardships, though, and, in addition to many biblical paintings, history paintings, commissioned portraits, and some landscapes, he produced an extraordinary number of self-portraits. Check out our Holiday Shipping Deadlines. However it is important not to overly romanticize this painting, for indeed, some of the somber quality of the painting was actually due to thick layers of discolored varnish which, when removed, changed the character of the painting, making Rembrandt look more vibrant and vigorous. He wears a red bib over a white shirt, with a fur lined coat on his shoulders. He used the technique of chiaroscuro, again partially concealing his face. These are B7, B19, B21 and B22, stretching between 1631 and 1648. Lisa Marder is an artist and educator who studied drawing and painting at Harvard University. The following is a list of paintings by Rembrandt in order of appearance (catalogue numbers 1–630), that were attributed as autograph by Abraham Bredius in 1935. The model has created two styles of jeans - made to be long in the leg, each with 40-inch inseams – in order to cater for women who share her similarly lithe proporti. While Rembrandt's self-portraits reveal much about the artist, his development, and his persona, they were also painted to fulfill the high market demand during the Dutch Golden Age for tronies — studies of the head, or head and shoulders, of a model showing an exaggerated facial expression or emotion, or dressed in exotic costumes. Etching, drypoint, and burin on laid paper. Return Policy. Recent scholarship has shown that some of the paintings previously thought to have been painted by Rembrandt were actually painted by one of his students as part of his training, but it is thought that Rembrandt, himself, painted between 40 and 50 self-portraits, seven drawings, and 32 etchings. The 1650s and 1660s show Rembrandt unabashedly delving into the realities of aging, using thick impasto paint in a looser, rougher manner. Of the many self-portraits Rembrandt painted over a lifetime, this is perhaps the greatest, not only for its poignant revelations of the self, but for his sure handling of paint. It is one of the many tronies he painted. While he continued to paint self-portraits through his career, this was the first in a decade in etching, and is currently on view in the exhibition. By so doing, Rembrandt's paintings reveal that, despite his hardships, and even failures, he still retained his dignity and self-respect. “Self-portrait, Etching at a Window,” 1648. Heritage Images / Contributor / Getty Images. Need your order in time for Christmas? National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. In fact, in this painting — through pose, attire, expression, and lighting that accents Rembrandt's left shoulder and hands — Rembrandt was emulating a painting by Raphael, a famous classical painter he admired, thereby aligning himself with him and casting himself also as a learned and esteemed painter. He had great success as an artist, teacher, and art dealer during the Dutch Golden Age, but living beyond his means and investments in art caused him to have to declare bankruptcy in … Then there are 10 "early studies in etching technique", most very rare, five "studies in expr… Challenging the conventions enshrined by his predecessors, Rembrandt transformed self portraiture into a fully realized medium capable of communicating emotional depth rather than favorably immortalizing one's likeness in the finest trappings of … Also, infrared reflectography done in 1998 showed that there was an underpainting in the Mauritshuis version which was not typical of Rembrandt's approach to his work. She is an instructor at the South Shore Art Center in Massachusetts when she is not working on her own art. He had great success as an artist, teacher, and art dealer during the Dutch Golden Age, but living beyond his means and investments in art caused him to have to declare bankruptcy in 1656. 10 Famous Left-Handed Artists: Chance or Destiny? By producing as many tronies as he did with himself as the subject, Rembrandt was not only practicing his art more inexpensively and refining his ability to convey different expressions, but he was able to satisfy consumers while also promoting himself as an artist. Even at a young age Rembrandt was an artist who held great confidence and was able to forge his own path when it felt it to be beneficial. Not only did he paint self-portraits in steady succession during his life, but in doing so he helped advance his career and shape his public image. The Mauritshuis version is different stylistically, painted in a tighter manner compared to the looser brush strokes of the original. The oil on wood work is on display in the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston. Apart from his fellow Dutchman, Vincent Van Gogh, no other artist charts his own development with such introspective honesty. This painting is normally at the National Gallery in London. Rembrandt, Self-Portrait at the Age of 63 shows the painter in the last year of his life as an old man but still fully confident and self-assured. Rembrandt's self-portraits in the National Gallery of Art collection Rembrandt van Rijn, Self-Portrait, Frowning , 1630, etching on laid paper, Rosenwald Collection, 1943.3.7051 Rembrandt van Rijn, Self-Portrait in a Velvet Cap with Plume , 1638, etching on laid paper, Rosenwald Collection, 1943.3.7201 All rembrandt self portrait paintings ship within 48 hours and include a 30-day money-back guarantee. This painting was created the year after his house and possessions had been auctioned off after declaring bankruptcy. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The right edg… Self-portraits by Rembrandt of different periods of his life and their histograms: a: Nuremberg 1629 (age 23); b: Karlsruhe 1645-48 (age 39-42); c: Hague 1669 (age 63). Museum purchase with funds provided by the Helen M. Towle Bequest. Buy rembrandt self portrait canvas prints designed by millions of independent artists from all over the world. 7-10 business days after order is placed especially Rembrandt 's paintings are remarkable for accuracy. A fur lined coat on his paintings that was detailed and finished portrait Rembrandt is wearing a gorget protective... Some viewers perceive a gold chain, usually a mark of high honor, tucked into realities... Thick impasto paint rembrandt self portraits in order a very lifelike manner Rembrandt must have recorded his own development such. Marder is an instructor at the South Shore art Center in Massachusetts when is... 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