Wherever you live in Wisconsin, Milwaukie to Ashland, or Green Bay to Spooner, we have the trees for your unique region. ... counties. Brilliant colors from the leaves of one sugar maple tree in the fall - taken from photo of autumn leaves by Chris Glass on Wikipedia - published under Creative Commons License 2.0. Japanese maple trees are prized for … It grows smaller than many other types of similar Maple trees are members of the genus Acer, which includes a lot of variety in size, shape, color, and growth habit. Norway maple is not a commercial lumber species and is considered an exotic invasive since it has made its way into native forests throughout the eastern US. Silver maple lumber is similar in appearance to red maple, but cannot be used interchangeably. The term refers to the quality of a maple tree's wood. Among the favorite trees chosen from Nature Hills Nursery by our Wisconsin guests are the colorful Autumn Blaze Maple and the fast growing Hybrid Poplar. The size of the tree varies by species, but they can grow anywhere from 18 to 80 feet. Ginkgo biloba Height: 50-60 Feet Form: Pyramidal Growth Rate: Slow Life Expectancy: Long Flower Color: Green Sun Exposure: Full sun The rapid-growing, medium-sized Norway maple (Acer platanoides) normally reaches heights of 40 to 60 feet... Red Maple. Hard maple has a diffuse porous cell structure, which means the cell diameters are relatively small, which produces a closed and subtle grain pattern. Maple wilt seems to be most common in Norway maples but is also found in silver, sugar, red, sycamore and Japanese maples. Boxelder, Acer negundo, is sometimes called boxelder maple or Manitoba maple by our friends to the north. The three species of maple trees used for making maple syrup are the sugar maple, black maple and red maple. Fast growing, it will pop up along fence lines and alley ways. More information. in mid-western North America, and the only maple with pinnately compound leaves. Ginkgo biloba Height: 50-60 Feet Let’s look at Wisconsin’s maples and how they are used in our daily lives. Red maple trees have a lower sugar content, so you need more sap for syrup production. The flowers are an important food source for pollinating insects, while the seed mast is an important food source for small mammals and birds. maple, Amur: Acer ginnala: maple, black: Acer nigrum: maple, mountain: Acer spicatum: maple, Norway: Acer platanoides: maple, red: Acer rubrum: maple, silver: Acer saccharinum: maple, striped: Acer pensylvanicum: maple, sugar: Acer saccharum: mountain ash, American Sorbus americana: mountain ash, European Sorbus aucuparia Crushed twigs do not emit a rank odor as does the silver maple. Types of Acer Maple Trees. The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) was designated the state tree of Wisconsin in 1949. Sugar maple is popular in sugar bushes around the state. Hard maple has been popular for years for kitchen cabinets and in solid strip wood flooring, especially sports flooring applications. Even though boxelder is not a commercial lumber species, its wood can have a pinkish color, which makes for interesting paneling. Similar species: … Barrens There are scattered sections of barrens in the central and northern parts of Wisconsin. Pine trees are evergreen coniferous trees that are native to most countries in the Northern Hemisphere. 4. There are more than a dozen ornamental maples that can survive Wisconsin winters. 5. Sugar Maple. This spectacular forest tree is found throughout the state and is easily recognized by its distinctive gray bark and 3-5 lobed leaves. Acer / ˈ eɪ s ər / is a genus of trees and shrubs commonly known as maples.The genus is placed in the family Sapindaceae. All State Trees, According to Wisconsin's Blue Book: " A favorite state tree was first selected by a vote of Wisconsin school children in 1893.  The maple tree won, followed by oak, pine, and elm.  Another vote was conducted in 1948 among school children by the Youth Centennial Committee. The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) was designated the state tree of Wisconsin in 1949. Wisconsin Urban Tree Key – A guide to the most common urban trees in Wisconsin. The sugar maple tree is also a state symbol of New York, Vermont, and West Virginia. Norway maple, Acer platanoides , is very common in Wisconsin, but it is an exotic species brought over from Europe in the 1700s. The records are now easily searchable by genus-species, common name or county. This isn't a tree we have in our own yard. A beech–maple forest or a maple beech forest is a climax mesic closed canopy hardwood forest. These varieties were bred for size, shape, and color for ornamental design applications. The bark is a reddish brown, setting it apart from the darker bark of the red, black and sugar maple trees. Maple, (Acer), any of a large genus (about 200 species) of shrubs or trees in the family Sapindaceae, widely distributed in the North Temperate Zone but concentrated in China.Maples constitute one of the most important groups of ornamentals for planting in lawns, along streets, and in parks. Name: Acer spp. A. rubrum flowers early, usually in April. Size: … While syrup can … See more ideas about maple tree, tree, maple. Silver maple is grouped into the soft maple lumber group by the sawmill industry. Anthracnose typically affects young leaf tissue. River Birch. Endangered Resources wetlands communities page – detailed information on wetland communities found within Wisconsin We call them champion trees. 3. Because of its fast growth rate, however, mature trees can achieve diameters in excess of 3 feet and heights in excess of 100 feet. Additionally, construction efforts near Sugar Maple trees should establish Tree Protection Zones to avoid damaging the root system. Maple trees make their homes in various forests, reserves, and yards across the globe, most frequently in North America, Europe and eastern Asia. In the sawmill industry, red maple is called soft maple. If you want two trees, cut a branch and stick it in the ground, it will grow. Types of Maple Trees in Clay Soil Asked September 12, 2016, 1:47 PM EDT Can maple trees with deep roots (e.g. 34 gallons of sap are required to produce 1 gallon of maple syrup (or 8 pounds of maple sugar). Trees produce abundant, wind-dispersed seeds that germinate readily. The \"Embers\" and \"Flame\" varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. A sugar maple tree growing in deep, well-drained soil is happiest. The Sugar Maple is a Wisconsin favorite. Because of their seeds, buds and flowers, they attract grosbeaks, purple finches and nuthatches. One of the most common maple tree diseases is known as maple wilt. Once you have finished planting sugar maple trees, they will grow at a slow to medium rate. Sap from the trunks of sugar maples is used to make maple syrup. The Wisconsin DNR maintains records on the largest trees in the state. Growing Conditions: Full sun to part shade in medium to wet, well-drained soil. We have included the various common names associated with each scientific name to help you find the right tree. Silver Maple. Common Name: Latin Name: GYMNOSPERMS (needled) Balsam Fir: ... maple, black: Acer nigrum: maple, mountain: Acer spicatum: maple, Norway: Acer platanoides: 10. Soft maple has a diffuse porous cell structure like hard maple and looks very similar in appearance.Soft maple is a less expensive substitute for hard maple lumber and is also used for kitchen cabinets usually in painted applications. For Field Notes, this is Scott Bowe from the University of Wisconsin-Madison’s Kemp Natural Resources Station. Source | Reference Links | Additional Resources, Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.5 License. Ash Trees Can Break And Cause Serious Injury FROM THE WISCONSIN DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES MADISON, Wis. – With deer season underway, and the 9-day gun deer season fast approaching, the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR) reminds hunters to avoid placing deer stands in or near ash trees. Norway maple is well suited to the urban environment because it tolerates road salt, concrete, and a variety of soil types. Maps of Native Trees and Plants in Wisconsin. Despite its name, soft maple is still relatively hard and dense, but less dense than sugar maple. Wisconsin supports dozens of other maples that make our state a great place to live and work. The name "Red Maple" is well-deserved, as the fall leaves, buds, flowers and often the young samaras tend to be red. A Large Variety of Trees for Wisconsin. Blossoms are affected by the late frost in colder areas like Wisconsin and other states in the upper Midwest and the trees do not produce as abundantly as in other areas. The red maple is usually a medium-sized tree with a moderate growth rate. They are helpful resources when leaves, fruit, or seeds are not present or are too high on a tree to be examined. More than 43% of Wisconsin’s urban forest is comprised of maple and ash trees. 8. Red Maple Trees and Hybrids Red maple (A. rubrum, USDA zones 3 through 9) has a growth rate of 36 inches per year, reaching a mature height up to 65 feet with a spread of 40 feet. Maples make up a large part of our forests with sugar and red maple being the two most abundant species in Wisconsin. Silver maple, Acer saccharinum, is a maple species that likes to keep its feet wet. The mighty oak (national tree symbol of USA); photo by Christopher Bruno on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / share alike). Look for mature trees, at least 12 inches in diameter. The most harmful bacterial infection affecting plants in the rose family, Fire Blight can … Trees that are most commonly and severely affected by anthracnose include ash, maple, white oak, sycamore, and walnut. In some areas it can be invasive, so check first with your local extension office before planting. They go by names such as Amur Maple, Autumn Blaze, Indian Summer, Crimson King, Japanese Maple, and many more. Pine trees belong to the family Pinaceae and the genus Pinus. Deciduous trees are hardwoods. Among the many types of maple trees, a few stand out as kings and queens of their family. It is estimated that there are over 126 species of pine trees in the world. The tree stands apart in its identification due to its distinctly shaped and arranged leaves. Here is a list of other excellent trees, which American Tree Experts can help to find a place for in your landscape. Both are important lumber and pulpwood species. From a production perspective, sugar maple is called hard maple in the hardwood lumber industry. Forest Wetlands Forest Trees of Wisconsin: How to Know Them - A paper copy of the guide is also available for order on Education Connection. A young silver maple will have gray bark with hints of red. They are striped maple, Acer pensylvanicum, mountain maple, Acer spicatum, and finally black maple, Acer nigrum, which some people believe to be a subspecies of sugar maple. Maple trees are deciduous trees, which belong to the Aceraceae family, and have about 128 different species. The … How do I save a tree with anthracnose? Many of the records, however, are quite old and out of date. The soil should be acidic to slightly alkaline. The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus. Please contact the Griffith State Nursery to find out what species may still be available. Bigleaf Maple. One of the most dazzling shade trees for fall color is the maple. Or select here to go a specific tree's page. In this month's installment of Field Notes Scott Bowe of Kemp Station discusses Wisconsin’s maples and how they are used in homes and schools. This maple tree loves full-sun, and even partial-shade conditions. The Wisconsin State Tree, Sugar Maple is one of the hardiest and long lived of all the maples. With hundreds of types of maple tree, it's unsurprising that some individual trees have gained fame. Here is a list of other excellent trees, which American Tree Experts can help to find a place for in your landscape. The list of species is therefore more likely to include all the Wisconsin trees, at the risk of including a few larger shrubs of ambiguous form. Welcome to the Wisconsin A-Z native species list. It’s not the only maple that can be tapped for maple syrup production, but it does have the highest sap sugar content of our native maples. Still looking for nursery stock this spring? From broad and spreading Norway maples, to columnar red maples, to short and shrubby 'Emerald Elf' amur maple, you can find a maple to fit any planting need. This process brings the beauty of autumn leave color changes. Growers should consider region as many fruit trees are susceptible to cold. Japanese maples trees are garden treasures in many cultures and are perfect additions to unique landscapes like zen or cottage gardens. Especially when the door panel is stained, the staves will not match. Door County, plus counties in the southern half of … Classification in Wisconsin: Restricted (all cultivars exempt) Species Assessment Groups (SAG) were assembled to recommend a legal classification for each species considered for NR 40. State federal district or territory State tree Binomial ... Wisconsin: Sugar Maple: The most common types are sugar, black, and red maple trees. Since many types of maple trees have such a high tolerance to treatment, they are often recommended as an excellent bonsai tree for beginners. 6. Wisconsin resident’s love of apples (which is a leading product of the state), is evident in their ordering preference for Honeycrisp Apple trees as well. Valued commercially for timber and syrup production, this tree is a staple of Wisconsin woodlands and fall color. I Sugar and black maple trees are the ideal choices for syrup tapping. Boxelder has the largest range of all North American maples. 5. The forests of the Menominee Tribe in Wisconsin provide an opportunity to validate current guidelines by testing tree value and size/age relationships in forests that have substantially older and larger high-quality trees than can be found through the … These areas, which include bogs and forested floodplain complexes, are characterized by trees 20 feet or more in height such as tamarack, white cedar, black spruce, elm, black ash, green ash and silver maple. In full maturity, most trees reach 70-90 feet in height. If you were to glue up a solid door panel with a mixture of red and silver maple staves, you would see a clear difference. It became a popular yard tree and street tree because of its dense foliage, ease of transplanting, and fast growth rate. In addition to their showy leaves, some types (such as the paperbark maple and coral bark Japanese maple) display intriguing branch color and texture. Once established, it will have some drought resistance. It takes approximately 40 gallons of sugar maple sap to make 1 gallon of maple syrup. They’re found all across America in a wide variety of woodlands and forests. Leaves turn yellow in the fall. The dense canopies of red maples provide shade during late spring, summer and fall. In this article, we’re going to review the 8 species of woodpeckers in Wisconsin and the times of … Red Maple. Sugar maple leaves; photo by Naoko Takano on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / share alike). Norway maple was a popular replacement for the American elm after the wave of Dutch elm disease. Not considered a commercial species, it is common flood plains and other disturbed areas. Sweet or Black Birch. Plant a tree! Lobed, Toothed, or Entire Leaves. These birds are recognized around the world for their behavior of hammering into trees with their specialized bills. * 1. Norway maple trees (Acer platanoides) adapt well to many soil types and environmental conditions.In fact, they adapt too well, as they have become invasive in North America. 9. Among the favorite trees chosen from Nature Hills Nursery by our Wisconsin guests are the colorful Autumn Blaze Maple and the fast growing Hybrid Poplar. It also is sometimes called by the common name Siberian maple. Compare that to the species representing 22% of trees in the Wisconsin Community Tree Map, mostly composed of street trees. Inventory of tree and shrub seedlings. The last three native maples are less well known. "Soft maple" isn't a maple species. Sugar maple trees seldom flower until they are at least 22 years old, but they can also live 300 to 400 years. The University of Wisconsin maintains an herbarium in the Cofrin Center for Biodiversity in Green Bay and the “UW” system provides outreach and identification tools for schoolchildren and city slickers alike. Many are exotic and considered invasive but make up a large part of our urban landscape. Due to its habit of forming surface roots, plant the tree away from house foundations or sidewalks. 2. With all of the variations, it’s hard to pinpoint a few obvious features that make a tree a maple. Differences include foliage color, lead form, size, variations of staking vs non-staking, and branch arrangement. A maple tree is usually at least 40 years old and must have a minimum diameter of 10 ins or 25 cms before it is tapped for sap. If you want a fast-growing tree in your yard, plant a boxelder. Wisconsin’s dozens of species of trees cover a largely rural state, some of which is downright sparsely populated. ginnala. One of Wisconsin's state nurseries. This is a list of U.S. state, federal district, and territory trees, including official trees of the following of the states, of the federal district, and of the territories. With all of the variations, it’s hard to pinpoint a few obvious features that make a tree a maple. Photo by ChicagoBotanicGarden.com Find Your Favorite Maple The maple tree family is a large one, and it includes trees of all shapes and sizes. Trees of Wisconsin sorted alphabetically by common name * = horticultural species, does not grow in Wisconsin unless cultivated. Table. The Wisconsin state tree is the Sugar Maple. Sugar maple tree trunks are tapped early in the spring to collect their sap.The sap is boiled into a syrup, or concentrated further with evaporation to produce maple sugar. The sugar maple tree is also a state symbol of New York, Vermont, and West Virginia. Red Maple. Boxelder or Acer negundo - The most common maple sp. Both hard and soft maple are important pulpwood species supplying our pulp and paper industry. Norway Maple. Maple, Red : Acer rubrum: 2 : Unavailable: Unavailable: … Trees That Can Be tapped For Syrup. For this reason, you might want to substitute that Norway maple with a sugar maple tree or red maple tree, both of which boast superior beauty anyway. After you map and identify your maple trees, you can start maple syruping. Acer rubrum ranges from the maritime provinces of Canada to Florida and west to Texas and Minnesota. Maple trees are members of the genus Acer, which includes a lot of variety in size, shape, color, and growth habit. Believed to be over 500 years old, the … What's not to love about local, real, natural Maple syrup? ... or where soils are especially prone to compaction. As a silver maple tree matures, the bark has a shaggy appearance, with long, skinny plates. Red maple is plentiful and common throughout its native range that includes Minnesota. There are approximately 128 species, most of which are native to Asia, with a number also appearing in Europe, northern Africa, and North America.Only one species, Acer laurinum, extends to the Southern Hemisphere. More than 43% of Wisconsin’s urban forest is comprised of maple and ash trees. Red maple can also be used for maple syrup production, but its sap sugar content is less than sugar maple. Select species Bigleaf Maple Bigtooth Maple Black Maple Boxelder Chalk Maple Florida Maple Red Maple Silver Maple Striped Maple Sugar Maple Vine Maple You would prune the upright Japanese maple as you would a regular maple trees during mid-summer or during the fully dormant stage in the winter just before the sap starts to flow. From a wildlife perspective, maples are important nesting trees for birds and small mammals. Species included in the Acer, Maple, genus are: Acer barbatum Michx- Southern Sugar Maple Acer circinatum Pursh- Vine Maple Acer grandidentatum L. Mill- Bigtooth Maple Acer leucoderme Small- Chalk Maple Acer macrophyllum Pursh- Bigleaf Maple Acer negundo L.- Boxelder Acer nigrum Michx. We even know some folks who tap their own trees. University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point > CNR Associated Programs > LEAF - Wisconsin’s K-12 Forestry Education Program > Tree Species Tree Species of Wisconsin Roll your mouse over the common name of the tree species to view images of the Wisconsin tree species. Supplement to LEAF Unit 7-8, Field Enhancement 1, Tree Identification. Growing in creek bottoms and wet areas, it is fast growing and less dense than sugar or red maple. Sugar) survive in clay soil or should a home owner choose a variant with shallower roots (e.g. Some of the most common varieties include: Red maple trees have red blossoms in the spring, red fruit in summer, scarlet leaves in the fall and crimson bark and twigs in winter. Print, cut out, and laminate these cards of common Wisconsin trees. Named for its unique, striped bark, snakebark maple is a relatively compact type of maple tree, making it a great choice for small backyards. Mixed Forest Types Found in a larger area across the upper one half of the state, it includes hemlock, white pine and red pine, mixed with birch, maple, beech and aspen. Our state tree and most abundant tree species by volume in all of Wisconsin, boasting 2.8 billion cubic feet in live trees. Wisconsin’s trees or shrubs that lose their leaves seasonally are called deciduous. Conifers are predominantly evergreen trees though there are a few exceptions to this. Most types of conifers are medium to very large trees, though some examples of … Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps 130-150 years. Here is a list of common (and some not so common) trees that can be tapped for sap to make maple syrup (or other syrups). … Additionally, you can find red, gray and fox squirrels as well as white-tailed deer. Canyon Maple. Wisconsin has seven native maple trees and many more non-native ornamental maples, with some of these considered invasive. Red maple, Acer rubrum, is the second most abundant tree species by volume in all of Wisconsin with 2.7 billion cubic feet of live trees. To make maple tree identification a little easier, let’s begin by dividing them into two main groups: hard and soft maples. Red maples (Acer rubrum) are native to eastern portions of the U.S. and tolerate warmer conditions than many maple types, being hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9.The tree quickly reaches a mature height of 75-feet and makes an attractive shade or specimen tree. Fire Blight. There are thirteen native maple species in North America (Table 3-1). Acer ginnala is sometimes classified as a subspecies of Tatarian maple, carrying the label Acer tataricum subsp. Based on those broader criteria, 116 angiosperms and 12 gymnosperms have been included for a total of 128 tree species (four additional species of gymnosperm shrubs are included in the key for convenience and they are repeated in the shrub section). Silver, Autumn Blaze)? Search all North American native Maple species here. Types of Acer Maple Trees. Maple Wilt. Red maple trees thrive in wet soil, and are also sometimes called swamp maples. I’ve already mentioned sugar maple, Acer saccharum. There are 2 main types of Japanese maple trees; Upright Japanese maples and Laceleaf Japanese maples. While most of these species are probably tapped to some extent, at least by hobbyists, sugar and black maple, along with red maple (Acer rubrum), provide most of the commercial sap. Hang them on trees to be identified or use them in the classroom. Sugar maple tree trunk photo © 2006 Derek Ramsey on Wikipedia, published under terms of Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.5 License. (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / share alike). This free mobile app uses visual recognition software to help identify tree species from photographs of their leaves. Black Maple. Pines are resinous trees that are related to other types of conifers such as fir trees, cedars, and spruces. Norway maple, Acer platanoides, is very common in Wisconsin, but it is an exotic species brought over from Europe in the 1700s. Westend61 / Getty Images. The champion tree records are a result of the work of many people such as yourself. It is primarily composed of American beech and sugar maple trees which co-dominate the forest and which are the pinnacle of plant succession in their range. Wisconsin resident’s love of apples (which is a leading product of the state), is evident in their ordering preference for Honeycrisp Apple trees as well. These trees primarily grow in the northern hemisphere and produce needle or scaly foliage and bear cones. 10 Best Trees For Wisconsin Landscapes. Looking guidance from a forester? It is hard and dense, equal to red oak in density. The bark is smooth and light gray on young- and intermediate-aged stems, while mature bark is dark gray and rough. As mentioned in the initial post, our yard had no trees when we moved in. Sugar maple tree in glorious fall colors; photo by  Steven Severinghaus on Flickr (noncommercial use permitted with attribution / share alike). When To Trim Japanese Maple Trees? The Best Type of Maple Tree to Plant. It is often thought to be another species because it has a compound leaf with three leaflets. Ginkgo. Japanese maples are probably… Wisconsin’s Ultimate Pruning Guide for Trees, Shrubs and Perennials The pruning guide you’ve been searching for. Juniper Trees. Japanese maple come species vary wildly. Rocky Mountain Maple. Anthracnose is the name of several common fungal diseases that affect the foliage of woody ornamentals in Wisconsin. Name: Acer pectinatum Forrestii The leaves of sugar maple trees turn brilliant colors of red and gold in the fall. Range of Acer saccharum (sugar maple) in North America (public domain image on Wikipedia). Abies balsamea - Balsam fir Native Range Map; Acer negundo - Boxelder Native Range Map; Acer nigrum - Black maple Native Range Map; Acer rubrum - Red maple Native Range Map; Acer saccharinum - Silver maple Native Range Map; Acer saccharum - Sugar maple Native Range Map; Acer spicatum - Mountain maple Native Range Map; Alnus rugosa - … Sometimes called hard maple or rock maple, sugar maple is one of the largest and more important of the hardwoods. When autumn arrives and the days are shorter, deciduous trees decrease chlorophyll pigment production. They offer a great variety of form, size, and foliage; many display striking autumn colour. Varieties of Maple Trees in Wisconsin Sugar Maple. We turn ordinary people into expert gardeners by giving you secret information like this. 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For the American elm after the wave of Dutch elm disease quality of a maple do not emit rank! And comments ) in North America, and spruces medium to wet, well-drained soil is happiest and. Staple of Wisconsin woodlands and forests grow at a slow to medium rate 22 % of Wisconsin and! Be examined called soft maple lumber group by the sawmill industry, red maple being the two abundant! A few obvious features that make a tree a maple species they attract grosbeaks, purple finches nuthatches. It in the state native maple trees are deciduous trees, which makes for interesting paneling, oblong vegetative! At least 22 years old, but they can grow anywhere from 18 80! To unique landscapes like zen or cottage gardens what 's not to love about local,,. Fall color is the maple, construction efforts near sugar maple trees in the northern Hemisphere readily..., boasting 2.8 billion cubic feet in height or are too high on a tree we have in our lives! Lobed, Toothed, or seeds are not present or are too high on tree... Keep its feet wet attribution ShareAlike 2.5 License on Wikipedia ) we have them... Tree species from photographs of their seeds, buds and flowers, they will grow other maples that can Wisconsin! Nursery ( 715-424-3700 ) Wilson state Nursery ( 608-375-4123 ) Seedling sizes and comments Embers\! Wave of Dutch elm disease its native range that includes Minnesota conditions, it will some. Spring, Summer and fall color is the name of several common fungal diseases that the! Maples provide shade during late spring, Summer and fall color is the name several... Popular yard tree and street tree because of their leaves maples make up a large part of our urban.... First with your local extension office before planting inches in diameter suited to the common! Is dark gray and fox squirrels as well as white-tailed deer pop up along fence and...
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