4 years. SECTION 12. SECTION 4. Match. Arts and letters shall enjoy the patronage of the State. The present anti-graft court known as the Sandiganbayan shall continue to function and exercise its jurisdiction as now or hereafter may be provided by law. (3) Cases or matters heard by a division shall be decided or resolved with the concurrence of a majority of the Members who actually took part in the deliberations on the issues in the case and voted thereon, and in no case, without the concurrence of at least three of such Members. SECTION 23. Principles. No literacy, property, or other substantive requirement shall be imposed on the exercise of suffrage. SECTION 2. The State shall regulate the relations between workers and employers, recognizing the right of labor to its just share in the fruits of production and the right of enterprises to reasonable returns on investments, and to expansion and growth. Rules of procedure of special courts and quasi-judicial bodies shall remain effective unless disapproved by the Supreme Court. Section 3. The sovereign geopolitical entity called the Philippines is a federal republic. The Supreme Court shall provide in its annual budget the appropriations for the Council. Philippine constitution Article 2 section 18 please explain. SECTION 5. All courts existing at the time of the ratification of this Constitution shall continue to exercise their jurisdiction, until otherwise provided by law. (2) A verified complaint for impeachment may be filed by any Member of the House of Representatives or by any citizen upon a resolution of endorsement by any Member thereof, which shall be included in the Order of Business within ten session days, and referred to the proper Committee within three session days thereafter. (1) There is hereby created an independent office called the Commission on Human Rights. Its approved annual appropriations shall be automatically and regularly released. Section 19. ARTICLE II: DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES AND STATE POLICIES PRINCIPLES PRINCIPLES SEC 1. Funny that after more than two decades, the bicameral congress has yet to pass an anti-dynasty law. No. No petition for review or motion for reconsideration of a decision of the court shall be refused due course or denied without stating the legal basis therefor. The Congress may provide for other cases of violations of human rights that should fall within the authority of the Commission, taking into account its recommendations. The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations. SECTION 15. No ex post facto law or bill of attainder shall be enacted. Article XII of the 1987 Philippine Constitution – National Economy and Patrimony. The … (5) Promulgate rules concerning the protection and enforcement of constitutional rights, pleading, practice, and procedure in all courts, the admission to the practice of law, the Integrated Bar, and legal assistance to the underprivileged. (1) A Judicial and Bar Council is hereby created under the supervision of the Supreme Court composed of the Chief Justice as ex officio Chairman, the Secretary of Justice, and a representative of the Congress as ex officio Members, a representative of the Integrated Bar, a professor of law, a retired Member of the Supreme Court, and a representative of the private sector. Subject to provisions of law and as the Congress may deem appropriate, the Government shall take steps to initiate and sustain the use of Filipino as a medium of official communication and as language of instruction in the educational system. The Supreme Court shall have administrative supervision over all courts and the personnel thereof. ARTICLE II : Declaration of Principles and State Policies PRINCIPLES Section 1. (1) Excessive fines shall not be imposed, nor cruel, degrading or inhuman punishment inflicted. SECTION 4. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to schools established for foreign diplomatic personnel and their dependents and, unless otherwise provided by law, for other foreign temporary residents. Section 2. Below is a side-by-side presentation of Article Three (3) of the 1987 Philippine Constitution in the Filipino language and in English. Financial instruments used as payment for their lands shall be honored as equity in enterprises of their choice. SECTION 10. SECTION 6. (2) A majority of each House shall constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day and may compel the attendance of absent Members in such manner, and under such penalties, as such House may provide. (1) There shall be a Commission on Audit composed of a Chairman and two Commissioners, who shall be natural-born citizens of the Philippines and, at the time of their appointment, at least thirty-five years of age, certified public accountants with not less than ten years of auditing experience, or members of the Philippine Bar who have been engaged in the practice of law for at least ten years, and must not have been candidates for any elective position in the elections immediately preceding their appointment. It shall consider these rights in the formulation of national plans and policies. • Philippines seek peace and unity with the neighboring countries all over the world regardless of race, ideology, and political system on the basis of mutual trust, respect and cooperation. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them. It shall equally protect the life of … The Commission shall enjoy fiscal autonomy. Neither shall he, directly or indirectly, be interested financially in any contract with, or in any franchise or special privilege granted by the Government, or any subdivision, agency, or instrumentality thereof, including any government-owned or controlled corporation, or its subsidiary, during his term of office. SECTION 9. The organic act shall define the basic structure of government for the region consisting of the executive department and legislative assembly, both of which shall be elective and representative of the constituent political units. ARTICLE II Declaration of Principles and State Policies. SECTION 16. The Congress shall regulate or prohibit monopolies in commercial mass media when the public interest so requires. (1) The Commission on Audit shall have the power, authority, and duty to examine, audit, and settle all accounts pertaining to the revenue and receipts of, and expenditures or uses of funds and property, owned or held in trust by, or pertaining to, the Government, or any of its subdivisions, agencies, or instrumentalities, including government-owned or controlled corporations with original charters, and on a post-audit basis: (a) constitutional bodies, commissions and offices that have been granted fiscal autonomy under this Constitution; (b) autonomous state colleges and universities; (c) other government-owned or controlled corporations and their subsidiaries; and (d) such non-governmental entities receiving subsidy or equity, directly or indirectly, from or through the Government, which are required by law or the granting institution to submit to such audit as a condition of subsidy or equity. The officials and employees of the Office of the Ombudsman, other than the Deputies, shall be appointed by the Ombudsman according to the Civil Service Law. No law shall be passed reorganizing the Judiciary when it undermines the security of tenure of its Members. It shall keep the general accounts of the Government and, for such period as may be provided by law, preserve the vouchers and other supporting papers pertaining thereto. The State shall promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living, and an improved quality of life for all. DIY Brick Rocket Stove - Cooking Without Electrical Power - Duration: 23:40. SECTION 1. The Philippine Constitution Lunes, Setyembre 7, 2015. SECTION 8. SECTION 19. Family – a group of person united by ties of marriage and blood. SECTION 17. Each House shall choose such other officers as it may deem necessary. Such appointments shall require no confirmation. It shall inculcate in the youth patriotism and nationalism, and encourage their involvement in public and civic affairs. SECTION 10. SECTION 18. The returns of every election for President and Vice-President, duly certified by the board of canvassers of each province or city, shall be transmitted to the Congress, directed to the President of the Senate. In the implementation of such program the State shall respect the rights of small property owners. (1) Excessive fines shall not be imposed, nor cruel, degrading or inhuman punishment inflicted. SECTION 10. The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines declares: The separation of Church and State shall be inviolable. In case of invasion or rebellion, when the public safety requires it, he may, for a period not exceeding sixty days, suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus or place the Philippines or any part thereof under martial law. SECTION 14. If the purpose for which a special fund was created has been fulfilled or abandoned, the balance, if any, shall be transferred to the general funds of the Government. D. 8 years. The State shall encourage equity participation in public utilities by the general public. Towards this end, the State shall regulate the acquisition, ownership, use, enjoyment, and disposition of private property, and equitably diffuse property ownership and profits. No increase in said compensation shall take effect until after the expiration of the full term of all the Members of the Senate and the House of Representatives approving such increase. (2) A case or matter shall be deemed submitted for decision or resolution upon the filing of the last pending, brief, or memorandum required by the Rules of Court or by the court itself. But what it does state is that: "The State shall guarantee equal access to opportunities for public service, and prohibit political dynasties as may be defined by law." (2) The State shall encourage and support researches and studies on the arts and culture. SECTION 8. SECTION 3. SECTION 10. The Government may call upon the people to defend the State and, in the fulfillment thereof, all citizens may be required, under conditions provided by law, to render personal military or civil service. SECTION 22. No member of the House of Representatives shall serve for more than three consecutive terms. The Congress shall provide efficacious procedures and adequate remedies for the reversion to the State of all lands of the public domain and real rights connected therewith which were acquired in violation of the Constitution or the public land laws, or through corrupt practices. Private corporations or associations may not hold such alienable lands of the public domain except by lease, for a period not exceeding twenty-five years, renewable for not more than twenty-five years, and not to exceed one thousand hectares in area. SECTION 18. In no case shall any Member be appointed or designated in a temporary or acting capacity. (5) The Council shall have the principal function of recommending appointees to the Judiciary. (7) Recommend to the Congress effective measures to minimize election spending, including limitation of places where propaganda materials shall be posted, and to prevent and penalize all forms of election frauds, offenses, malpractices, and nuisance candidacies. 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