3 days ago. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. Filipino and Spanish liberals residing in the country welcomed him with a banquet at the Malacañan Palace on June 23, 1869. Early Spanish settlers were mostly explorers, soldiers, government officials, religious missionaries, and among others, who were born in Spain and Mexico called Peninsulares (Spanish migrants living in the colony) or Criollo (Spaniards of pure blood), who settled in the islands with their families to governed the colony, and the majority of the indigenous population. during their colonization. It also brought the advantage of improved technology to the area. It shall be ordered that when a Filipino chief goes to the house of a Spaniard, he shall seat himself as the latter's equal. This regulation will produce an increase in the revenue of 200,000 or 300,000 pesos fuertes, and this sum shall be set aside to give the impulse for the amalgamation of the races, favoring crossed marriages by means of dowries granted to the single women in the following manner. The Spanish colonial period of the Philippines began when explorer Ferdinand Magellan came to the islands in 1521 and claimed it as a colony for … Christianized Aetas who lived in Manila were not allowed to enter Intramuros and lived in areas designated for Indios. In some provinces like, Vigan, Iloilo, Cebu, Pampanga, and Zamboanga, The Spanish government encouraged foreign merchants to trade with the indigenous population, but they were not given certain privileges such as ownership of land. Spain is one of the foreign countries that colonized our country for more than three hundred years. A few mulattos born in Spanish America living in the Philippines kept their legal classification as such, and sometimes came as indentured servants to the 'américanos'. Although Spaniards are referred to as Kastila, from the name Castile, the vast majority are Andalusians, and a minority are Catalans or Basques. Quizzes you may like . This legal system of racial classification based on patrilineal descent had no parallel anywhere in the Spanish colonies in the Americas. The Spanish legally classified the Aetas as 'negritos' based on their appearance. Socioeconomic Imposition of tribute, bandala, and cedula personal Requirements of polo y servicio Establishment of government monopolies Limited agricultural and commercial development. From 1821, the Philippine Islands were ruled directly from Madrid, Spain. Nevertheless, the datu’s once hereditary position became subject to Spanish appointment. If the father was 'indio' and the mother was 'negrita', the child was classified as 'indio'. The downfall of Marcos and return of democratic government. History The Spanish conquest of 1565, prompted the colonization of the Philippine Islands that lasted for about 333 years. 5. The Impact of the American Rule. Prof Prem raj Pushpakaran writes — 2020 marks the 500th year of discovery of strait of Magellan sea route!!! Negritos who lived within the colony paid the same tax rate as the indios. Friars marched with soldiers and soon accomplished the nominal conversion to Roman Catholicism of all the local people under Spanish administration. Both Christianized Aetas who lived in the colony and un-Christianized Aetas who lived in tribes outside of the colony were classified as 'negritos'. But the dispersed demographic patterns of the old barangays largely persisted. I am a Vietnamese Catholic priest and living in Vietnam, teaching Church history. Persons classified as 'Blanco' (white) were the Filipino (person born in the Philippines of pure Spanish descent), peninsulares (persons born in Spain of pure Spanish descent), mestizos de español, and tornatras. These group were called Mestizos (mixed-race individuals), who were born from intermarriages of the Spaniards and merchants with the indigenous Filipino (Austronesian/Malay/Malayo-Polynesian) natives. After Humabon converted to Catholicism and was baptized as Carlos, he requested Magellan to subjugate his enemy Lapu-Lapu, the chief of nearby Mactan Island. Magellan made a blood compact with the local chieftain of Cebu, Rajah Humabon as a sign of friendship. But the Muslims of Mindanao and Sulu, whom the Spanish called Moros, were never completely subdued by Spain. 323 years. The Spanish Colonizatio n. 3. Why do some Philippines have spanish last names? Spaniards are referred by Filipinos as "Kastila" (Castilian) named after the former Kingdom of Castile, now a region of Spain. During the Spanish Colonial Period, large numbers of Spaniards settled in the Americas, which resulted in widespread miscegenation between them, indigenous women and enslaved African women. The invasion of the Philippines started on 8 December 1941, ten hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Placed at the apex of colonial rule for almost 350 years by Spain and 45 years by the United States, Manila has been entrenched as Capital and hub of political, economic, cultural and religious transformation of Philippine society under the aegis of colonization. After his 1896 execution, he became an icon for the nationalist movement. The un-Christianized Aetas and Austronesian/Malay/Malayo-Polynesian who lived in the towns were classified as 'salvajes' (savages) or 'infieles' (the unfaithful). For the next five years, he wandered through Europe discussing politics wherever he went. Some mestizo and Filipino alcaldes-mayor of the provinces shall be appointed. But abusive treatment of the local tribute payers and neglect of religious instruction by encomenderos (collectors of the tribute), as well as frequent withholding of revenues from the crown, caused the Spanish to abandon the system by the end of the 17th century. For many years, throughout the history of humanity, many parts of the world have been changed as a result of take over. kristineisaac_08. There have been many Spanish missioners coming to Vietnam from the Philippines. Spanish Colonization of the Philippines (1565-1898) Spain began to colonize the Philippines starting in 1565 when they sent an expedition to set up a settlement in Cebu. Agricultural technology changed very slowly until the late 18th century, as shifting cultivation gradually gave way to more intensive sedentary farming, partly under the guidance of the friars. The Spaniards colonized the Philippines for more than three centuries, the longest period that the Philippines … 333 years. The exchange of Chinese silks for Mexican silver not only kept in Manila those Spanish who were seeking quick profit, but it also attracted a large Chinese community. José Rizal called for peaceful reform of Spain's colonial rule in the Philippines. Due to a decree by the Spanish government in 1849 to establish a census, Filipinos (of Indigenous descent) may have Spanish or Spanish-sounding surnames; The government distributed a book of surnames for the use of all Filipinos. Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. They also use English in the public sphere, and may also speak Tagalog and other Philippine languages. The cultural goal of the Spanish clergy was nothing less than the full Christianization and Hispanization of the Filipino. ; The Spaniards made the local datus head of the barangays, who eventually acquired large landholdings. Spanish rule on the Philippines was briefly interrupted in 1762, when British troops invaded and occupied the islands as a result of Spain's entry into the Seven Years' War. 5th - 6th grade. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago.. Only a minority of Spanish descended Filipinos speak Spanish; Some Filipinos of Spanish descent, particularly those of older generations and recent immigrants, have preserved Spanish as a spoken language. Spanish Colonization of the Philippines (1521 - 1898) Early Spanish expeditions Ferdinand Magellan arrived in the Philippines in 1521. They are the reason why Filipinos experienced suffered, hardship, persecution etc. Spanish rule for the first 100 years was exercised in most areas through a type of tax farming imported from the Americas and known as the encomienda. Persons of mixed Aeta and Austronesian/Malay/Malayo-Polynesian ancestry were classified based on patrilineal descent; the father's ancestry determined a child's legal classification. History. To a Chinese mestizo woman who marries a Filipino shall be given 100 pesos; to a Filipino woman who marries a Chinese mestizo, Ioo pesos; to a Chinese mestizo woman who marries a Spaniard, 1,000 pesos; to a Spanish woman who marries a Chinese mestizo, 2,000 pesos; to a Filipino woman who marries a Spaniard, 2,000 pesos; to a Spanish woman who marries a Filipino chief, 3,000 or 4,000 pesos. Get ideas for … Ferdinand Magellan claimed the Philippines for Spain in 1521. The Spanish colonization of the Philippines brought about numerous influences because the Spaniards had the luxury of time in penetrating the Filipino culture. Manila was also the ecclesiastical capital of the Philippines. Between 1565 and 1815, Hispanics from Mexico and Spain sailed to, and from the Philippines as government officials, soldiers, priests, settlers, traders, sailors, and adventurers in the Manila-Acapulco Galleon, assisting Spain in its trade between Latin America and the Philippine Islands. For how many years the Spain colonized the Philippines? The governor-general, himself appointed by the king, began to appoint his own civil and military governors to rule directly. Persons of pure Spanish descent, as well as many mestizos and castizos, living in the Philippines who were born in Spanish America were classified as 'Américano'. Blog. 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